The mining industry continues to be a hotbed of innovation. Activity is driven by the need for both improved safety and productivity. Related to this, autonomous navigation is being increasingly introduced into the mining sector in both surface and underground mining. Productivity is enhanced as the room for human error is reduced, making transit times more predictable, while safety is improved through a reduction in accidents. Further benefits from autonomous navigation include increased machine and tyre life, and lower fuel consumption, all reducing operating costs. Overall, in the last three years alone, there have been over 48,000 patents filed and granted in the mining industry, according to GlobalData’s report on Robotics in Mining: Autonomous Navigation. Buy the report here.

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Data Insights Robotics in Mining: Autonomous Navigation

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According to GlobalData’s Technology Foresights, which uses over 350,000 patents to analyse innovation intensity for the mining industry, there are 150+ innovation areas that will shape the future of the industry.

Autonomous navigation is a key innovation area in robotics

Autonomous navigation means that a vehicle is able to plan its path and execute its plan without human intervention. On mine sites, autonomous navigation is being used in a variety of machines from 200-400t (short) surface mining trucks to underground mining trucks and loaders, with automation increasingly used for surface drills and even water trucks.

GlobalData’s analysis also uncovers the companies at the forefront of each innovation area and assesses the potential reach and impact of their patenting activity across different applications and geographies.  According to GlobalData, there are 10 companies, spanning technology vendors, established mining companies, and up-and-coming start-ups engaged in the development and application of autonomous navigation.

Key players in autonomous navigation – a disruptive innovation in the mining industry

‘Application diversity’ measures the number of different applications identified for each relevant patent. It broadly splits companies into either ‘niche’ or ‘diversified’ innovators.

‘Geographic reach’ refers to the number of different countries each relevant patent is registered in. It reflects the breadth of geographic application intended, ranging from ‘global’ to ‘local’.

Patent volumes related to autonomous navigation

Company Total patents (2021 - 2023) Premium intelligence on the world's largest companies
Aichi Steel 188 Unlock Company Profile
Sandvik 122 Unlock Company Profile
Komatsu 44 Unlock Company Profile
Epiroc 39 Unlock Company Profile
Caterpillar 18 Unlock Company Profile
Atlas Copco 16 Unlock Company Profile
Newmont 10 Unlock Company Profile
Advanced Smart Mobility 6 Unlock Company Profile
Liebherr-International 5 Unlock Company Profile
JFE Holdings 5 Unlock Company Profile
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation 4 Unlock Company Profile

Source: GlobalData Patent Analytics

Leaders in autonomous navigation include Sandvik, Komatsu, Epiroc, Hitachi and Caterpillar. Caterpillar and Komatsu are the two main suppliers of autonomous haul trucks, accounting for over 85% of surface trucks in operation. Caterpillar’s most popular autonomous truck is the 793, which accounts for over 80% of its autonomous haul trucks, with other models being the 797F (400 Ton Ultra class), 794 AC (300 Ton), 789D (200 Ton) and 777 (100 Ton).

Komatsu’s most popular model is the 930E, which accounts for 70% of its autonomous fleet, ahead of the 400t, 980E, which makes up 15% of the total.

Leading patent filers include Sandvik, which has introduced the AutoMine concept for both underground equipment and surface drills. AutoMine allows vehicles to adapt and plan their own routes, and includes obstacle detection, collision avoidance and 3D online mapping capabilities.

Meanwhile, Epiroc, as part of its 6th Sense underground solutions, has created technologies to enable drills to be quickly and precisely navigated and drill according to a drill plan.

With the drive to continue to improve productivity, reliability and safety, the number of mines using autonomous navigation is expected to increase substantially over the remainder of the decade, with autonomous haul trucks, for example, predicted by GlobalData to exceed 1,800 by 2025, from just over 1,000 in mid-2022.

To further understand the key themes and technologies disrupting the mining industry, access GlobalData’s latest thematic research reports on Mining.

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GlobalData, the leading provider of industry intelligence, provided the underlying data, research, and analysis used to produce this article. 

GlobalData’s Patent Analytics tracks patent filings and grants from official offices around the world. Textual analysis and official patent classifications are used to group patents into key thematic areas and link them to specific companies across the world’s largest industries.