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Athabasca Oil Sands Project, Canada

Producer of

Synthetic crude oil


The mineable area extends to some 3,400km² (1,300 square miles) north of Fort McMurray, in northern Alberta.

Geology type

Oil sands comprising a mixture of 83% silica sand, 10% crude bitumen, 4% water, 3% clay

Mineral type

Crude bitumen

Reserve base


173 billion barrels (174 billion barrels crude bitumen, 1.6 billion barrels crude oil)

Total recoverable

335 billion barrels (315 billion barrels crude bitumen, 19.7 billion barrels crude oil)


760,000bpd (2005); 3 billion bpd (2015 prediction)


Open pit mining / Clark extraction; SAGD, CSS, VAPEX & THAI in-situ methods

Main operators

Three large oil sands mining operations Syncrude, Suncor Energy and Albian Sands (Shell Canada, Chevron, and Western Oil Sands JVC).

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