There are more than 917 iron ore mines in operation globally, of which 127 are in Brazil, according to GlobalData’s mines and projects database. The following are the five largest iron ore mines by production in Brazil in 2022, according to GlobalData’s mining database, which tracks more than 33,000 mines and projects from early exploration to closure across more than 150 countries and over 100 commodities. Buy the latest mine-site profiles here.

1. Serra Norte Mining Complex

The Serra Norte Mining Complex is a surface mine located in Para. It is owned by Vale and produced an estimated 113.39 million tonnes of iron ore in 2022. The mine will operate until 2038. Buy the profile here.

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2. Carajas Serra Sul S11D Project

Located in Para, the Carajas Serra Sul S11D Project is owned by Vale. The surface mine produced an estimated 76.45 million tonnes of iron ore in 2022. The mine will operate until 2062. Buy the profile here.

3. Vargem Grande Mining Complex

The Vargem Grande Mining Complex is located in Minas Gerais. It is owned by Vale and produced an estimated 32.47 million tonnes of iron ore in 2022. The mine will operate until 2089. Buy the profile here.

4. Itabira Mining Complex

The Itabira Mining Complex, owned by Vale, is a surface mine located in Minas Gerais. The mine produced an estimated 29.77 million tonnes of iron ore in 2022. The mine will operate until 2041. Buy the profile here.

5. Minas Rio Project

Owned by Anglo American Plc, the Minas Rio Project is a surface mine located in Minas Gerais. It produced an estimated 25 million tonnes of iron ore in 2022. The mine will operate until 2073. Buy the profile here.

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GlobalData, the leading provider of industry intelligence, provided the underlying data, research, and analysis used to produce this article.

GlobalData’s Mining Intelligence Center tracks production, consumption, imports and exports of 17 key commodities across 60 countries, whilst its Mines & Projects Database tracks over 30,000 mines and projects with 200+ data fields for each, including production, operating costs, equipment and key mine-site contacts.